PI5 Path Tool Pumpkin


Path Tool PumpkinThe PI 5.0 Path tool makes it easy to edit paths by selecting, adding and deleting control points. 

I thought it would be fun to learn how to use the Path tool by making this not-very-scary- looking Halloween pumpkin.

Start by choosing File, New to make a new True Color file 300 X 300 pixels. Select the Path Drawing Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, select the Ellipse shape, click in the color box and choose a dark orange for the pumpkin color (I used RGB=201, 91, 28), and 3D Round from the Mode dropdown list.

Draw a tall, narrow ellipse for the center of the pumpkin. Select the Path Edit Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, click on Toggle. Position the cursor near the path until it looks like a pointing finger. Click again to display the control points, as shown below.

click toggle button

In the Attributes toolbar, select Pick Point from the Edit Point options. Position the cursor over the right middle control point and click. When you do, the control point becomes a hollow outline and two auxiliary handles appear. These function as "fulcrums" that you can drag on in any direction to shape the curve of the ellipse. Drag the large hollow control point upward slightly, then drag the lower auxiliary point slightly to the middle of the path to round out the top of the right side. Repeat on the left side of the path. Bring the auxiliary points at the top and bottom closer to the main control point, narrowing the top and bottom ends.

widening path

Click on the Toggle button to view the path in 3D Round mode. It should be slightly fuller at the top than at the bottom. If you're not happy with the shape, click on Toggle again and edit until you're satisfied with the shape. Toggle back and forth until you have a 3D shape similar to the one shown at left.

in 3D mode

The next step is optional, but I recommend that you save each of the path objects we'll make to the EasyPalette just in case there's a power glitch or you have to quit working on the pumpkin for a while. Choose Object, Copy to Object Library. When the Add to EasyPalette box opens, name the object (e.g., "pumpkin1") and save it to a Library and Tab group.

add to EasyPalette

Copy the 3D object to the Clipboard, then hit Ctrl+V to paste it back into the image. Use the Pick tool to position the pasted object to the right of the first one.  We're going to edit this path so that it will be reshaped to fit alongside the middle pumpkin segment.

Return to the Path Edit Tool. Click the Toggle button. Position the cursor near the path until you see the pointing finger icon, then click to reveal the control points.

paste next to the other path

Make sure you are still in Pick Point mode in the Edit Point options. Click on the left center point and drag it slightly to the right. Repeat on the right center point. The idea is to create a curved, "half moon" shape like the one below.

curve side of object

In the Attributes toolbar, select Add Point (+ sign) from the Edit Point options. On the lower right side of the path, click to add a control point, as shown here.

add a control point

In the Attributes toolbar, return to Pick Point in the Edit Point options. Click on the point you just added and drag it slightly to the right. Click on the point above it and also drag it to the right. Drag its top auxiliary point upward slightly to round out the top right part. On the bottom point, drag the right auxiliary point slightly downward to push the main control point to the left.  Try to get the shape like this one.

edit shape

When you're satisfied with the shape, click Toggle to see the 3D object.

Copy the new object to the Clipboard, then hit Ctrl+V to paste it back into the image. Choose Edit, Rotate & Flip, Rotate Horizontally. Use the Pick to position the objects next to the center object. Make sure they match up well. Hit Ctrl+V again to paste another copy of the object into the image, and position it to the right of the other 3 pumpkin objects. (This would be a good time to save this second part of the pumpkin to the EasyPalette, just as you did for the center object. Call it "pumpkin2")

adding to the pumpkin

Select the Transform tool. In the Attributes toolbar, enter a value of 20 for "Rotate by degree" and click the counterclockwise button. Position the top of the pasted object as show below.

paste second segment in again

Note that the bottom of the object sticks out. Next we'll edit it so that it curves around the other segments of the pumpkin. Choose the Path Edit Tool and click on Toggle. Position the cursor near the path until you see the pointing finger and click to reveal the control points. Make sure you are in Pick Point mode in the Attributes toolbar's Edit Point options.

Click on the bottom control point to get the hollow point with two auxiliary control points. Drag the bottom control point to the left, so that it meets the bottom of the pumpkin object to its left. Drag on the auxiliary points for the bottom and left middle control points to round the left side. You want to fit it to the curve of the object to its left.

editing the path again

When the path is shaped correctly, click on Toggle to view the 3D object. If it's not the correct shape, click on Toggle and continue editing until it fits well against the rest of the pumpkin. If you're saving the pumpkin objects to the EasyPalette, do so now ("pumpkin3").

When the 3D object fits correctly, copy it to the Clipboard. Hit Ctrl+V to paste it into the image. Choose Edit, Rotate & Flip, Flip Horizontally. Use the Pick to position the two new segments of the pumpkin on either side of the others, as shown. Now we just have to add two more pieces to the sides.

2 segments added to center

Hit Ctrl+V to paste another copy of the third pumpkin object back into the image. Use the Pick to position it along the right side.  As we did before, we're going to reshape the object and fit it to the curve of the pumpkin's right side.

Select the Transform tool. In the Attributes toolbar, enter a value of 20 for "Rotate by degree" and click the counterclockwise button. Position the top of the pasted object at the top of the pumpkin.

Return to the Path Edit tool and click on Toggle. Position the cursor near the path until you get the pointing finger icon. Click to reveal the control points. Make sure you are in Pick Point mode in the Edit Point options.

reshape to fit

Click on the bottom control point until it becomes hollow and you see the auxiliary control points. Drag the bottom point to the left so that it meets the side of the object to its left. Drag the auxiliary points as needed to reshape the curve so that the object will fit well against the rest of the pumpkin. Try to round the top right part of the curve up a little, to give the pumpkin some depth.

When you're satisfied with the shape, click Toggle to view the 3D object. If it looks good, copy it to the Clipboard. (Save to the EasyPalette as "pumpkin4")

Hit Ctrl+V to paste a copy of the object into the image. Then choose Edit, Rotate & Flip, Flip Horizontally. Use the Pick to position the objects on either side of the rest of the pumpkin, as shown at left. Don't worry if it looks like a bunch of orange bananas -- we'll fix that later.

adding 4th segment to the pumpkin

Choose the Path Drawing Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, select Ellipse for the shape. Draw a small oval path for the "cap" of the pumpkin. In the Mode dropdown list choose 3D Trim and the same orange color you used for the pumpkin pieces.

adding a cap

Select the Pick tool. Click on the pumpkin cap to select it, then hold down on the Shift key while clicking on each segment of the pumpkin, so they are all selected. Right click and Combine As Single Object. Now it's time to make the background for the pumpkin. Choose Selection, Select Base Image. Choose Edit, Fill and when the Fill box opens, click on the Texture tab. Select Grass 4 and click OK to fill the background with green grass. Right click on the pumpkin and choose Shadow. When the Shadow box opens, enter values as shown below to create a perspective shadow to the right.

add perspective shadow

Position the pumpkin toward the bottom of the image and just to left of center, so that the entire shadow is visible. Right click and Merge All.

adding perspective shadow

Next we'll use the Blur Retouch tool to smooth out the ridges on the pumpkin, then we'll use the Airbrush Paint tool to contour it. First though, choose File, Preferences. When the Preferences box opens, choose Painting Tools. Under Painting Cursor, select Precise Shape, which will shape the cursor to the shape of the brush. Click OK.

Select the Blur Retouch tool. In the Attributes toolbar, set the brush shape to round, size 10 pixels, soft edge=50, preset=none.  Drag the Blur tool along the "ridge" left by the 3D Round mode on each segment. This will soften and flatten it. Don't overdo it, just smooth out the bevel.

Blur retouch tool

Select the Airbrush Paint tool. In the Attributes toolbar, set the brush shape to round, size 10 pixels, transparency=0, soft edge=44, preset=none. Click in the color box and select a reddish-brown color (RGB=119, 43, 26).

Drag the airbrush tool along the curved lines between the segments of the pumpkin, under the small cap at the top, and along the bottom and sides of the pumpkin. Use a light hand to contour a more rounded effect.

airbrush contours

Let's make a stem for the pumpkin cap. Choose the Bezier curve selection tool. Make a crooked little stem shape by clicking and dragging repeatedly. Double click to close the path.

Select the Path Drawing Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, select 3D Round from the Mode dropdown list. Click in the color box to select the same reddish-brown that you used with the Airbrush. Right click and Merge All.

adding a stem

Open the EasyPalette's Shapes Library. Drag the triangle out onto image. It will be huge. Choose the Transform tool and the Resize option in the Attributes toolbar. Hold down on the Shift key while dragging to resize the triangle to a size that would make a good eye for the pumpkin.

Click on the Path Drawing Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, click in the color box and select black. Copy the small black triangle into the Clipboard. Hit Ctrl+V two times to paste it back into the image twice. Use the Pick tool to position the eyes and nose as shown below.

adding a face

Right click on each triangle and choose Properties. When the Properties box opens, enter a value of 30 for Transparency for each one, then click OK. Doing so makes the triangles a little lighter and they appear slightly inset into the pumpkin.

Next right click on each triangle and choose Shadow. When the Shadow box opens, select the Shadow option that adds a faint black shadow  around all of the edges, transparency 50%, soft edge=10. Right click and Merge All.

There aren't any shapes that look like a mouth for our pumpkin, but we'll improvise. In the Shapes Library, drag Circular 3 onto the image. Again, it will be way too big.

adding a smile

Select the Transform tool and choose the Resize option in the Attributes toolbar. Hold down on the Shift key while resizing the shape small enough so that half of it can serve as the pumpkin's smile. In the Attributes toolbar, enter a value of 45 degrees and click the clockwise button to rotate, as shown left. Don't worry about the "upside down smile" on top, we'll deal with it soon.

Click on the Path Drawing Tool. In the Attributes toolbar, click in the color box and choose black. As you did for the eyes and nose, right click and choose Properties. When the Properties box opens, enter a value of 30 for Transparency and click OK. Right click and choose Shadow. When the Shadow box opens, add the same black shadow around all edges, 50% Transparency, soft edge=10 pixels. Use the Pick to position the smile where you want it.

Choose Edit, Mask Mode to cover the image with a transparent red mask. Click on the Paint Brush tool. In the Attributes toolbar, make sure to click in the color box and choose black, not a dark gray.  Paint out the "upside down smile," leaving the one on the bottom alone.

painting out in Mask Mode

Choose Edit, and deselect (uncheck) Mask Mode. Now all that's left is the pumpkin's smile. Right click and Merge All.

Let's add some foreground interest. From the EasyPalette's Path Library, drag Maple Leaf out onto the image. Click on the Transform tool and choose the Resize option in the Attributes toolbar. Hold down on the Shift key while resizing the leaf much smaller.

Copy the smaller maple leaf into the Clipboard and hit Ctrl+V a few times to paste copies into the image. Rotate the leaves with the Transform tool's Attributes toolbar options.

Use the Pick to position the leaves at the bottom of the image. Right click and choose Properties. Change the Transparency and Merge method of some of the leaves (to vary color) and click OK.

adding maple leaves

When you're satisfied with the arrangement, right click and Merge All. Use the standard selection tool, set to Rectangle in the Attributes toolbar, to make a selection, to make a selection like the one shown at left.

Finally, let's add some dramatic lighting to the pumpkin. From the EasyPalette choose the Lighting Gallery. Right click on Spotlight 6 and choose Modify Properties and Apply.

When the Lighting box opens, click in the color box and select a very dark green (RGB=0, 91, 0). Leave the default values as they are. Click OK.

Lighting Gallery effect

Here's the finished pumpkin with Lighting Gallery effect applied!

finished pumpkin with lighting effect applied

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